canada visa

Canada Visa For Indians - Everything You Need To Know

A study found that over 22.1 million people worldwide chose Canada as their destination just one year ago. Just imagine being among them! There is something magical about Canada because of its welcoming nature, beautiful landscapes, and friendly people.

The best healthcare facilities, outstanding educational options, and promising career prospects await you here. The Canadian lifestyle truly offers everything a person could desire

It is important to note that Canada has different visa requirements and visa types for different countries and also in special cases, there might be unique requirements which is complicated to understand for some smart people. 

Your visa might be denied if those requirements don't match. A visa expert's advice will help you avoid rejection so that you do not have to worry about your visa being rejected. 

However, the application process for a Canada visa for Indian passport holders is generally easy, so there's no need to worry. Once you have your visa, you can explore Canada's beautiful landscapes and vibrant cities.

What is a Canada Visa?

canada visa

Your Canadian visa is your official entry ticket to the country. In a sense, it's like a special passport stamp that Canada issues. It permits you to visit Canada for a specified period of time. There are different visa types for tourists, students, or workers.

The most common Canada visa for Indian passport holders is a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV). This visa typically allows you to stay in Canada for up to 6 months. Having a TRV lets you discover beautiful cities, hike stunning landscapes, and enjoy everything Canada has to offer.

Canada Visa Application Procedure For Indians

The application process for a Canada visa from India requires a few steps. In order to apply, you must first fulfil some prerequisites. The first step is for you to determine what type of visa you need. Canada offers several types of visas, including visitor, work, student, etc. 

Canada Visa Offline Process:

The following steps will guide you through the process of applying for a Canada visa online

  • Download an application form.
  • Filling out the required information.
  • Attach the mandatory documents.
  • Paying application fees and biometric charges.
  • Biometrics are mandatory at VAC.
  • In-person or by mail, you can submit the application to a VAC. 

Canada Visa Online Process:

The Canadian government is in the phase of digitizing records, and as a result, people are required to apply online for the process. The following steps will guide you through the application process for a Canada visa online: 

  • Find out if you are eligible for a Canada visa. (Check below for tool link)
  • Create an online account.
  • Compile the document file.
  • Pay the fees.
  • Wait for the processing of your Canadian visa.
  • Submit your passport and processing fees.

How can I check my eligibility for a Canada Visa application online?

  • The Canadian government has a website with a quiz to help you see if you are eligible for a Canada visa. You must need to log in first (Tool link-
  • This is a first step to see if you qualify before applying.
  • The quiz is straightforward - simply answer the questions online.
  • Based on your answers, the website will tell you if you can apply for a visa.
  • The website will also give you next steps, such as what type of visa to apply for.

Canada Visa Types:

Canadian visas can be categorized into Temporary and Permanent Visas. The temporary resident Canada visa types can be mainly classified into the following - 

  1. Visitor visa / Temporary resident visa (TRV)  - Anyone who is visiting the country for tourism, family or business-related purposes is granted temporary resident status. These are issued normally for 6 months. They are of two types-
    • Canada Tourist Visa - This type is required by an individual whose sole purpose of the visit is tourism. Be it visiting family members/friends, or to explore the country, or any other tourist activities, you require a tourist visa.
    • Canada Business Visa - If you are planning to visit Canada to implement or expand a business, to attend business meetings/conferences, to venture possible business plans, as long as your main agenda is professional activities, you require a business visa.
  2. Canada Work visa - This is a temporary type that permits an individual to work for 6 months in Canada, after which he will have to return home or apply for an extension.
  3. Canada Study visa - For students attending courses in Canada that last more than 6 months, a study visa is issued. 


Usually, these are issued for multiple entries. Meaning, you can go in and out of the country multiple times in the visa period. Also, most temporary visas are issued for 6 months. However, depending on how strong your case is, the visa officer may issue permits valid up to a maximum of 10 years; or until the passport validity date, whichever comes first.

In this table, we summarize the types of Canada visas:

Visa Type


Single/Multiple Entry


Visitor Visa
Visiting Canada for tourism, pleasure, or visiting family and friends
Single or Multiple
Up to 10 years (maximum stay of 6 months per visit)
Business Visa
Attending business meetings, conferences, or trade shows
Single or Multiple
Up to 10 years (maximum stay of 6 months per visit)
Diplomatic and Official Visa
For diplomats, consular officers, and other representatives of foreign governments
Single or Multiple
As determined by the Canadian government


Canada Visa Photo Size: (Specification and Requirements)

The Canadian government has strict requirements for Canada Visa Photo Specifications, and it is important to ensure that your photos meet these standards before submission.

canada visa photo specifications



45mm X 35mm in size (similar to a passport photo)
Colour photo showing your natural skin tones
80% of the photograph,  between 31 mm - 36 mm (1 ¼ in - 1 7/16 in)
Age of Photo
Photo must be taken within the last 6 months
Solid, plain white or light blue background
Neutral, mouth closed
Wide open and visible
Both ears should be showing
No blurry photos
Only thin-rimmed glasses for medical reasons are allowed
Not allowed, except for religious purposes (full face must still be visible)
Digital Specs
No pixel dimensions specified
Avoid clothing that blends in with the background
Two identical photographs required


Since Canadian visa requirements can change at any time, it's advisable to check with the Canadian consulate or embassy for the latest information.

Documents Required For Canada Visa:

The documents to be submitted for the application depends on the Canada visa types you are aiming for. There are a constant set of documents that are common for all visas and a special set depending on the type. The general documents required for a Canadian visa are as follows,

  • A valid passport + old passports, if any. 
  • 3 photos as per Canada visa requirements.
  • Duly filled and signed application forms.
  • NOC from employer/leave sanction from school/college.
  • Travel itinerary - confirmed air tickets, proof of accommodation.
  • Proof of financial means - bank statements, Form -16, passbook, salary slips, etc.
  • Proof that you will return to your home country once the Canadian visa expires.
  • Identity and Civil Status Documents.
  • Police clearances to show no criminal records (if requested).
  • Medical certificate to prove that you have no chronic disease (if requested).
  • A cover letter stating your purpose, motive, and duration of the travel.
  • Letter of support/invitation to Canada.

Canada Visa Processing Time:

India alone submits over 9 lakh applications to Canada each year. It's important to know that tourist visas and business visas can take a fairly long time to process. Canada visa processing time depends on various factors. 

  • Visa type (e.g., visitor visa outside Canada: 2-8 months)
  • Country of residence
  • Completeness of the application (missing documents, wrong form)
  • Biometric and interview appointments


For a successful application, In general the Canada visa stamp processing time is around 10-15 days. However, this can go up to more than 30 - 60 days in certain scenarios. It also depends on how early you submit your biometrics as well. It is advised to apply well in advance. 

Canada Visa Fees:

Canada visa costs are influenced by the country, mode of a, number of entries, length of stay, and urgency of the application. Depending on the type of Canada visa you choose, your Canada visa fee will change.

In addition to the visa processing fee charged by the embassy or consulate, there can be separate charges for:

  • Biometric Fee: Separate fee, varies by country. Some VACs bundle it with basic transmission.

Canadian biometric fees for Indians are:

      • CAD 85 per person
      • CAD 170 for a family of 2 or more applying together
  • Service Charges: VAC fees for transmitting applications and optional services like photocopying.

Canada Visa Application Tracking:

Your Canada visa application can be tracked in two ways depending on where you submitted it:

  1. Tracking Through IRCC Portal:

Please note that this applies if you submit your application directly to IRCC, the Canadian government agency responsible for immigration matters. You can track it online by following these steps:

  • Website: You can check the status of your application at the IRCC's website
  • Login: Although you can track your application without logging in, creating an account allows you to view past applications.
  • Enter Details: There are two pieces of information you need to provide:
    • Tracking ID Number: The tracking number is on your receipt when you submit your application to IRCC.
    • Date of Birth: Make sure you enter your date of birth exactly as it appears on your application.
  • Track Status: You can view your application's current status after entering these details.


  1. Tracking Through VFS Global:

VFS Global is a third-party service provider employed by IRCC in certain countries to handle visa applications. Here are the steps you need to take if you submitted your application through VFS:

  • Website: Visit the VFS Global website tracking page.
  • Select Language: From the available options, choose your preferred language.
  • Enter Details: Similar to IRCC, you'll need to provide:
    • Tracking ID Number: Found on the VFS Global receipt.
    • Date of Birth: Be the same as your application date of birth.
  • Track Status: Based on your application's status within the VFS processing system, track status will be displayed.

Below is the contact information:

VFS Helpline Number: 18002668858, 022-67866002, 912262018404

Canada Visa Application Centre:

Canada Visa Application Centers (CVACs) allow individuals to apply for a visa, provide biometric data, and get information on Canada's visa categories. A CVAC is operated by a service provider authorized by the government.



Timing (Monday to Friday)

Office Address

New Delhi
Office Hours: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Application Submission: 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM
Passport Collection: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Canada Visa Application Centre VFS Global Services Pvt. Ltd. Shivaji Stadium Metro Station, Mezzanine Level, Baba Kharak Singh Marg, Connaught Place, New Delhi-110001
Office Hours: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Application Submission: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Passport Collection: 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM
VFS Global Services Pvt. Ltd. C-313, B-3rd Floor, Elante, Industrial Area Phase 1, Chandigarh, India – 160002
Office Hours: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Application Submission: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Passport Collection: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Canada Visa Application Centre Aman Plaza, 3rd Floor, 310 Lajpat Nagar, Mahavir Marg, Nakodar Chowk, Opposite to Lovely Autos, Jalandhar-144001
Office Hours: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Application Submission: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Passport Collection: 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM
VFS Global Services Pvt. Ltd. 5th Floor, Fagun Mansion, Ethiraj Salai, Egmore, Chennai - 600008
Office Hours: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Application Submission: 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM
Passport Collection: 2:00 PM to 4:00 PM
VFS Global Services Pvt. Ltd., 8th Floor, Sobha Pearl, Commissariat Road, Near Mayo Hall, next to Bangalore Central Mall, Ashok Nagar, Sivanchetti Gardens, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560025 India
Office Hours: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Application Submission: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Passport Collection: 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM
VFS Global Services Pvt. Ltd. Zonah Crescent, 3rd Floor, Banjara Hills Road No 12, Hyderabad, Telangana 500034
Office Hours: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Application Submission: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Passport Collection: 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM
VFS Global Services Pvt. Ltd. 4th floor, Urmi Axis Building, Behind Famous Studio, Opp. E Moses Road, Mahalaxmi (West), Mumbai – 400 011
Office Hours: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Application Submission: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Passport Collection: 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM
VFS Global Services Pvt. Ltd. Unit No 1 and 2, Bhikubhai Chambers, Near Bharat petroleum Ashram Road, Paldi Ahmedabad 380 007, India
Office Hours: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Application Submission: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Passport Collection: 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM
93 Avenue (Mall Name), 4th Floor, Kalubai Chowk, Near Fatima Nagar Junction, Wanowarie, Pune - 411022
Office Hours: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Application Submission: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Passport Collection: 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM
Canada Visa Application Centre VFS Global Services Pvt. Ltd. Rene Tower, Building No. 1842, Rajdanga Main Road, Rajdanga,


Check out the Canadian Embassy in India as well  - Canadian Embassy in India

Canada Visa Rejection Reasons:

There are a variety of reasons why Canada visa applications are rejected. Canada visa applications are commonly rejected for the following reasons:

  • Lack of intention to leave Canada: The visa officer wants to ensure that you will be returning home after your Canada visit. You may be rejected for a visa if you do not have strong ties to your home country, such as a job, family, or property.
  • Financial reasons: During your stay in Canada, you must prove that you have enough money to support yourself. In addition to meeting your travel costs, you will also need money to cover your tuition fees (if you intend to apply for a student visa) and living expenses.
  • Incomplete or inaccurate application: Make sure you fill out your application form completely and accurately. Don't forget to include all required documentation and make sure there aren't any errors.
  • Medical inadmissibility: Your visa application may be rejected if you have medical conditions that risk public health.
  • Criminal inadmissibility: Criminal records may prevent you from entering Canada.


In case your visa application is denied and you want to know if it will affect your future visa applications, check here: Visa Refusal Affect Future Visa Applications

Frequently Asked Questions

Where do I get a Canada visa application form?

Depending upon your preference, you can apply for the visa online or offline. For the online mode, you can find the application form on the portal of the Government of Canada. For the offline mode, you can find the application form on the website of the same. You can then download it and print it. However, it is advised to use the online form for faster processing. 

What to do if your Canada visa is rejected?

If your visa has been rejected, you will receive a letter explaining the rejection. Even though it will not mention the reasons for the refusal, it is necessary to go through it carefully to catch any information on why your application was denied. You can either appeal to the rejection or reapply for the visa.  Appealing to the decision is fruitful only if you are certain that your application was strong, and there has been an error with the refusal. If you choose to reapply, make sure you correct the faults and submit a better application.

Will there be a problem that while applying for Canada visa there are surname differences on the passport and other documents after marriage?

This totally depends on the type of visa you are applying for. A tourist/visitor visa does not require academic documents to be submitted. As a result, they do not affect your application. The name on the passport is the valid one. However, if the visa requires you to submit your academic documents, you will need to ensure that you can justify the name differences by providing marriage certificates, or other documents proving the change of name.

Is NIOS board eligible for a Canada visa?

Yes, you are eligible to apply for the visa. However, keep in mind that if you are applying for a student visa, you will need to ensure that the educational institution you are applying to accepts the NIOS board. If they do accept, you will not face any problems as long as you can explain to the consular officer about your reason behind this, as well as how it will benefit your future. 

Will your multiple entry Canada visa still be valid after you have a new passport?

No, it is not. Visit visas are issued normally for a period of 6 months. The eligibility conditions for the permit is that you possess a valid passport for at least 6 months from the date of travel. So, if you have a passport that will expire in this period, you will not be issued with a visa in the first place. However, if you have a long term visa, and you get after your passport expires, you obtain a new passport, your permit is still valid till its validity date.

In the Canada visa process will I get a refund if my application is rejected?

No, you will not get a refund if your application has been rejected. The visa application fees and biometric charges are non-refundable. However, if your application has been returned just to seek additional documents or information, you can complete the application by submitting the necessary documents. 

Can your Canada visa application be rejected if you have medical conditions?

The medical requirements aren’t necessary for visa applications where the validity is less than 6 months. However, in cases where the stay is for more than 6 months, you may require to meet the medical eligibility depending on several factors. If you are required to submit a medical certificate, and you fail the test, your application will be rejected. If you haven’t submitted a health certificate, you will be asked to submit it by the visa office. Alternately, it is necessary to ensure that you are healthy before you travel. 

How long does it take to get the visa processed after biometrics?

The Canadian visa takes a lot of time for processing. On average, it takes about 35 days from the submission date. This is due to the high load of applications, as well as the biometric submission. Once you submit the application, you will be asked to submit your biometrics. This can take up some time. If you have previously submitted the biometric in the past 10 years, you may be eligible to skip this step and may receive the visa faster.

Is an IELTS test mandatory for a Canada Visa?

No, you do not necessarily need an IELTS (International English Language Testing System) or any other language proficiency test unless you are applying for a student visa, work visa or other forms of permanent residence visa. In these cases, you are required to show that you are well proficient in English by meeting the minimum score criteria in these tests.


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